How Can I Change Cambodia?

               Cambodia is one of the countries among others, whose share the border between neighboring countries but in terms of the land, Cambodia owns the ocean along to the west region of the country: Kep, Kampot, Sihanoukville, and Koh Kong. To illustrate that, this attractive beach catches the tourists’ attention to visit every year, therefore, Cambodian workers can earn more income by running restaurants, hotels, fishing, and etc. On the other hand, Ocean’s playing a significant role in the economy industry, transport the import products and export products throughout the country. Besides that, recently, research estimates that Khmer’s ocean has 545 species presented. These fascinating creatures are to preserve but several study researchers aren’t yet discovering and begin to dig out to the depth of ocean’s exploration, however, Marine Conservation Cambodia steps out to protect and help to prevent threats due to the illegal activities that appear in Koh Seh tropical island. 

                 The mysterious diversity, aliens organisms live and depend down there such as vertebrates species, invertebrates species, bioluminescence and more. Furthermore, coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests provide tremendous habitats and feed the tiny fishes to survive and defend themselves from the larger fishes. For instance, oxygen produced by trees, for us as individuals to breath, according to National Geographic explained that one-third(28%) of the oxygen produced from forests, while the other two-thirds(70%) came from the sea plants(phytoplankton, algae, and seagrasses), and the 2% left from other resources. Overall, Ocean’s a magnificent life element because it assists us by offering oxygen, food, and job but have you ever considered of the threat due to the ocean. Take a while and restore and imagine, how could you help the ocean become a marvelous place?

                 Presently illegal fishing, trash, and water pollution are being a concern for Cambodia’s ocean. Take the case of illegal fishing, “Trawling” is a common method to fish, the enormous net or electric net design to catch everything on the bottom of the seafloor but for the main trawlers’ fishing target are just fishes, shrimps, crabs, and octopuses, but why is that net gathers everything? Imagine, these gorgeous creatures have gone, the food web will collapse soon there aren’t longer those species would exist again. Fishermen get advantage from the sea every day but the impact is way essential. In order to decrease the amount of trawling is an arduous process, why? more percentage of fishermen that won’t continue with the traditional method, since the fishing style was updated. A developing country like Cambodia, the market systems are still figuring out, hope to look for a better quality system with a high price for all the products, to make fishermen go back with a traditional method.  The traditional method isn’t an effective net as trawling net. Also, Cambodia should at least have a marine authority station in each of the main islands to look after the unlaw trawler do the illegal fishing, to do that the salary for policies should be increased, otherwise, they’ll be involved in these illegal activities, instead of fighting for the right one, police, and fisherman both should work together to make it happen. 

                 Besides that, Trashes’s another effective threat as well, from Phnom Penh Post said that around 10 million plastic bags are used in Phnom Penh city every day. Plus 90 percent of plastic bags in the world ends up in the ocean, Cambodia’s also involved. As you know that plastic doesn’t biodegradable easily, it can stay up to hundreds and thousands of years. By the time it broke down, it’ll transform into microparticles called microplastics, the chemical substance leak especially into soil and sea. This chemical is so harmful to animals, humans, and environments. In addition to this threat, Trash bins should already stay in its position where the people can put all the trashes instead of throwing them down. Trash bins are an excellent choice but better to decrease the number of plastics by using fabric bags, reusable bags, biodegradable bags, and paper bag instead. The major supermarkets in Phnom Penh such as Aeon Mall, Lucky supermarket begin with a new plan by charging 400៛ ($0.10) per plastic bag, such a great plan for all the supermarkets in Cambodia or in any foundations. To evaluate is easy but the actual action needs more concentration, Nowadays, NGOs and Academies have helped to spread the lessons to the students and citizens about the impacts and benefits of plastic in our country. Hobbies can be changed if you try so from everyone’s help, the government also easy to work and communicate with. Our society is ours and it always still ours so please clean to help our kingdom wonderful.    

                 “Coastal Developments” known as a huge threat to the ocean too, Coastal Development refers to the constructions and factories on the coastal line. As a consequence, Water pollution ends up in the sea by these entertainment places after their activity according to Casino.org. Moreover, water pollution(wastewater) divided into four huge categories: Industrial, domestic, agricultural and urban. By the time it reaches the sea, the ocean will be polluted by these four wastewaters. As soon as it enters in, marine diversities are a victim rather than get advantage from this wastewater. All the species can’t survive in these dirt water because of the mixture chemical. Different kind of species will soon die and suffer from drinking or breathing in this wastewater as well as air pollution that makes the human struggle to breathe. On the other hand, the owner of the building next to the seashore should know of this huge issue. This issue wouldn’t solve without every single both international and the national company owners and more importantly is the government, this problem needs government helps and the owners of the constructions need to work together with government find the solution to input these wastewaters to another place. Wastewater can benefit for you if you separate them which one of these wastewaters can continue to use such as, water the farm, clean material, and more. That way, you don’t submit to wastewater pollution in the world. 

                  As a closing conclusion, the ocean helps humans, therefore, it should deserve the benefit back. The crisis still remains and still increase from day to another. Like Trawling, Trash, and pollution are an unresolved issue, all the issue won’t disappear but it cuts off from little to little. For instance, the helpers can only help but never see a true person who actually made a mistake, rarely step out to processing, helping, and responsible. Solutions above are just my visionary ideas for you to identify and understand to start to love our ocean. for me, I’m just an ordinary boy who just has this critical idea but a person with that knowledge in their conscience will never make the disaster to life but always educate others and walk on the right track to show the real role module is. To put in another form, this issue should be a government job but without every single one of you, it won’t change, so please think before you take action to do anything in life otherwise, it’ll cause a serious problem to happen just like this one.